GATE 2018


GATE – An Introduction

GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). It is a pan India examination designed to evaluate students on a common platform.

The Ministry of Human Resources Development of the Government is responsible for conducting this exam. The National Coordinating Board in the Department of Education under this ministry manages the exam through IISc Bangalore and seven IITs.

Admission to the Post Graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, Direct Ph.D.) in institutes like IITs and IISc is controlled through the GATE score / rank. Several PSUs too use the GATE scores for recruitment.

Students or any other eligible person can apply for the GATE Exam. If you are eligible, you can apply for any one of the 23 papers listed below, but it is advisable to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of your qualifying degree. You must, however, keep in mind the eligibility criteria of the institute you wish to join later. For details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, you must visit the website of that particular institute.

Aerospace Engineering AE Geology and Geophysics GG
Agricultural Engineering AG Instrumentation Engineering IN
Architecture and Planning AR Life Sciences XL
Biotechnology BT Mathematics MA
Civil Engineering CE Mechanical Engineering ME
Chemical Engineering CH Mining Engineering MN
Computer Science & Information Technology CS Metallurgical Engineering MT
Chemistry CY Physics PH
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Electrical Engineering EE Textile Engineering & Fibre Science TF
Engineering Sciences XE Ecology and Evolution EY
Petroleum Engineering PE

Download the GATE brochure IIT, Roorkee

Advantage of Taking the GATE Exam

Over the years, GATE has set a high standard and many Institutes / Colleges have made it mandatory to qualify in GATE for admission to their institution. Several Public Sectors have also made GATE compulsory criteria for recruitment.
Candidates on qualifying in the GATE exam, get a financial aid of 8000/­ pm in the form of a UGC scholarship if they join any of the Government sponsored colleges for further studies.


  • Teaching: GATE is recognised as a qualification for jobs as Professor, Asst. Professor at IITs, Nits, and many other reputed educational institutes.
  • Junior and Senior Research Fellow at ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc. require a GATE qualification.
  • Junior Research Associates/ Senior Project Associates
  • Scientists grade jobs at DRDO



Eligibility for GATE

The eligibility criterion for appearing in the GATE exam is as follows:

  • A Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2) and those who are pursuing the final year of such program.
  • A Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (Post­B.Sc./Post­Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • A Master’s degree in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Master’s degree programme (Post­ B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year Integrated Master’s degree programme or Dual Degree programme in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by Institute of Engineers (India);  AMICE by Institute of Civil Engineers (India)) as equivalent to B.E. /B. Tech. Those who have completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

GATE 2018 Exam Pattern

Section Question No.  No. of Questions Marks Per Question Total Marks
General Aptitude 1 to 5
6 to 10
Technical+Engineering Mathematics 1 to 25
26 to 55
Total Questions : 65 Total Marks : 100 Total Duration : 3 hours

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Multiple choice questions are of the objective type in which each question will have a choice of four answers. You have to mark the correct answer. A question carries 1 or 2 marks (this will be indicated in the paper). There will be negative marking for the wrong answer. See details below.

Numerical Answer Questions

In such questions, you have to calculate and fill the answer in the blank space provided in the question itself. No choices will be available for these types of questions. Such questions carry 1 or 2 marks (which will be indicated in the paper). There are no negative marks for these questions.

Negative Marking

Question Type Marks Negative Marking
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 1 mark
2 marks
Numerical Answer Questions 1 mark
2 marks

GATE 2018 Exam Schedule

The schedule will be announced in the information published on the web site of the institution conducting the exam.

Subject Specialization Priority

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering
  • VLSI Design Tool Technology
  • Integrated Electronics & Circuits
  • Micro Electronics
  • Microwave Engineering
  • Communication Engg
  • Telecommunication Technology & Management
  • Optoelectronics & Optical Communication
  • Nanotechnology
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Control & Automation
Electrical Engineering
  • Power Electronics
  • Machines & Drives
  • Power Systems
  • Control & Automation
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Instrumentation Technology
Mechanical Engineering
  • Design of Mechanical Equipment or Machine Design Thermal Engineering
  • Manufacturing Science & Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Material Science & management
  • Engineering Mechanics
Civil Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Construction Engineering &Management
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Rock Engineering & Underground Structure
Computer Science and Engineering & Information Technology
  • Computer Science
  • Information Technology
  • Information Security
  • Software Engineering
  • Distributed Computing
  • Image Processing
  • Computer Systems and Hardware
  • Database and Information Systems
  • Programming languages
  • Computer Networks and Distributed Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Advanced Computing

Types of Questions

As already mentioned, in GATE, questions can be Multiple Choice Questions or Numerical Type Questions. This pattern will be followed  in all papers & sections. Multiple Choice Questions will contain 4 options, of which you have to indicate your choice of the correct answer. You can do calculations separately in a rough sheet which will be provided in the exam hall.  For Numerical Type Questions you have to enter a number which you can calculate separately in the rough sheet. You will need to use the  mouse and virtual keyboard on the monitor for entering the value.

Usually, the questions fall under these categories:

  1. Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory directly or at most from a one­line computation.
  2. Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
  3. Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.
  4. Analysis and Synthesis: These can be linked questions, where the answer to the first question of the pair is required in order to answer its successor. Or these can be common data questions, in which two questions share the same data but can be solved independently of one another.
  5. Common Data Questions: Multiple questions may be linked to a common data problem, passage and the like. Two or three questions can be formed from the given common data problem. Each question is independent and its solution obtainable from the above problem data/passage directly. (Answer of the previous question is not required to solve the next question). Each question under this group will carry two marks.
  6. Linked Answer Questions: These questions are of problem solving type. A problem statement is followed by two questions based on the problem statement. The two questions are designed such that the solution to the second question depends upon the answer to the first one. In other words, the first answer is an intermediate step in working out the second answer. Each question in such linked answer questions will carry two marks.

A Few Tips for Preparing and Answering GATE Questions


  • GATE examination consists only of multiple and numerical answer type questions, hence only correct answer fetches marks.
  • Practice previous year question papers and analyse the weak topics and concentrate more on those topics. Candidates must try to solve the papers in a given time limit to obtain an idea as to how many questions are solved within the allotted time.
  • Impart equal emphasis on both theory and numerical problems.
  • Browse through the GATE syllabus for topics allotted more weightage and prepare them.
  • Group Study is an effective way to brush up knowledge about technical topics with fellow partners and also helps to explore new techniques and methods to better understand the topics.
  • Do not make a wild guess as there is negative marking associated with the questions.
  • Prepare the list of important definitions, equations, derivations, theorems, laws in every subject.
  • Pay more attention while attempting linked and common data questions.
  • “Career 360, An Education Hub” has prepared a comprehensive guideline for GATE 2017. You can click here to read that.
  • Details of GATE 2018 will be on similar lines, and you can get an idea of the approximate dates and time frame.
  • An authentic guide can, however, be published only after the conducting Institute (probably IIT Guwahati) publishes its brochure.
  • IIT Roorkee, which conducted the 2017 exam, had also published an information brochure (you can access it by clicking here). The information is identical, but it is the authentic source. Do await a similar brochure for GATE 2018.